But this damage was moderate, and by the depth charges began to slacken. The reason is that the bulk of the Shokaku ‘s Detailed Action Report for this battle has apparently been lost or destroyed. It may have been her bomb magazines. After the catastrophic losses of four carriers during that battle, they formed the bulk of the IJN’s carrier force for the rest of the war. Torpedo 6 misses astern by about 90 feet. However, it also cannot be modeled with any degree of accuracy. The sea was fairly calm, but the suddenness of the catastrophe precluded most chances for escape.
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This was the titanic Battle of the Philippine Sea, and at an hour before noon that day the Japanese carrier fleet had not even been found by search planes, and had already launched two strikes against their foe.
If power could be restored, there might be hope, but this seemed unlikely. Modeling the Attack on Shokaku Cavalla ‘s log gives us three crucial pieces of data with which to reconstruct the attack: With the exception of a few other scant notes, these three sources form the core of nearly every account of the Shokaku ‘s sinking published in English to date, from Normal Polmar’s brilliant “Aircraft Carriers” and John Toland’s “Rising Sun” to the more modern “Red Sun Setting” of W.
Azur Lane Zuikaku and Shoukaku
Though the fire in the hangar still raged, those in the gas tanks had been extinguished by closing off all access in the surrounding spaces. Scenario 3, while matching the letter of the base criteria, begins to look less promising on closer inspection. The portents could hardly have been more favorable.
The results of this approach were intriguing, to say the least, and we discuss each of the three resulting hit scenarios below. The net result is a damage profile of unusual severity. A single dive bomber was lost during the consequent airstrike that sank the destroyer and damaged Neosho badly enough that she had to be scuttled a few days later.
Torpedo 3 hits about 60 feet further aft of Torpedo 1.
Shōkaku-class aircraft carrier – Wikipedia
He turned all of his ships north to position himself for an attack. Milford’s opinion was that the torpedoes would most likely “perform as advertised”, and would therefore strike very close to their predicted impact points.
Cavalla ‘s full attack report includes the firing angles and sequences of the torpedoes launched. But except for track position coordinates that conflict from one report to another, the only added information is a repeated assertion that Shokaku was hit by four torpedoes.
At the speed the torpedo spread was travelling, and given the angles of the spread, any discrepancy here would necessarily introduce a large error in the impact points of the torpedoes. Second, zujkaku details Cavalla ‘s and Shokaku ‘s course and speed.
As the bow continued to sink, aircraft and munitions began to slide forward and a bomb in the hangar detonated. As the bow settled, wreckage and shojkaku and burning planes in the hangar began to slide and bump forward. Torpedo 6 misses astern by about 90 feet.
Though a skeptical Spruance was to spend some anxious hours trying to find and destroy the “damaged Zuikaku ” reported torpedoed, ComSubPac concurred with Kossler and credited the Cavalla with sinking a Shokaku-class carrier and subsequently bestowed the Combat Insignia Award for the feat. All in all, in the authors’ estimation, this scenario fits the historical record almost perfectly.
In a prolonged convulsion of three minutes the Shokaku literally began to blow apart at the seams. To verify these assumptions, the NATD filmed hundreds of takeoffs and landings aboard Akagi in October—November and decided to move the island over to the starboard side and further forward, about one-third of the length from the bow.
The torpedo hits, whether three or four, were devastating, but not immediately fatal. The only way to solve this dilemma was to place Shokaku ‘s position relative to a torpedo that hit her, and then work from there.
On the morning of 8 May, both sides located each other at about the same time and began launching their aircraft about For the next year, the sisters trained before moving south to defend against any American attempt to retake the Mariana Islands or the Philippines.
Shoukqku analysis concerns itself with the third carrier mentioned, the veteran and famous Shokakutorpedoed and sunk by U. This third scenario produces a damage profile similar, but not as severe, as Scenario 1. After the catastrophic losses ziikaku four carriers during that battle, they zikaku the bulk of the IJN’s carrier force for the rest of the war.
While they were preparing for the mission, the Americans intercepted and decrypted Japanese naval messages discussing the operation and dispatched the carriers Yorktown and Lexington to stop the invasion.